At docker.education, our mission is to provide comprehensive and accessible information about Docker containers. We aim to empower developers, IT professionals, and enthusiasts with the knowledge and skills needed to effectively utilize Docker technology. Our site offers a range of resources, including tutorials, articles, and community forums, to help users learn about Docker and stay up-to-date with the latest developments in containerization. Our goal is to foster a vibrant and supportive community of Docker users, and to promote the use of containers as a powerful tool for software development and deployment.
Docker is a platform that allows developers to create, deploy, and run applications in containers. Containers are lightweight, portable, and self-contained environments that can run on any machine. Docker has become a popular tool for software development and deployment because it simplifies the process of building and deploying applications. This cheat sheet will cover the basics of Docker, including its architecture, commands, and best practices.
Docker is built on a client-server architecture. The Docker client communicates with the Docker daemon, which is responsible for managing containers, images, and networks. The Docker daemon runs on the host machine and manages the containers that are running on it. The Docker client can communicate with the Docker daemon on the same machine or on a remote machine.
Docker images are the building blocks of containers. An image is a read-only template that contains the instructions for creating a container. Images are created from a Dockerfile, which is a text file that contains the instructions for building the image. Docker images can be stored in a registry, such as Docker Hub, or on a local machine.
Docker containers are instances of Docker images. Containers are lightweight, portable, and self-contained environments that can run on any machine. Containers can be started, stopped, and deleted as needed. Docker containers can be connected to networks to communicate with other containers or with the host machine.
Docker commands are used to manage Docker containers, images, and networks. The following are some of the most commonly used Docker commands:
docker run: This command is used to start a new container from an image.
docker stop: This command is used to stop a running container.
docker rm: This command is used to delete a container.
docker ps: This command is used to list the running containers.
docker images: This command is used to list the available images.
docker pull: This command is used to download an image from a registry.
docker push: This command is used to upload an image to a registry.
docker build: This command is used to build an image from a Dockerfile.
Docker Best Practices
The following are some best practices for using Docker:
Use a single process per container: Each container should run a single process. This makes it easier to manage and troubleshoot containers.
Use environment variables: Environment variables can be used to configure containers at runtime. This makes it easier to deploy containers to different environments.
Use volumes: Volumes can be used to store data outside of containers. This makes it easier to manage data and to share data between containers.
Use Docker Compose: Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. It simplifies the process of managing multiple containers.
Docker is a powerful tool for software development and deployment. It simplifies the process of building and deploying applications by using containers. This cheat sheet covered the basics of Docker, including its architecture, commands, and best practices. With this knowledge, you should be able to get started with Docker and start building and deploying your own applications.
Common Terms, Definitions and Jargon1. Docker: A platform for developing, shipping, and running applications using container technology.
2. Container: A lightweight, standalone executable package that includes everything needed to run an application.
3. Image: A read-only template used to create containers.
4. Registry: A repository for storing and distributing Docker images.
5. Dockerfile: A script used to build Docker images.
6. Volume: A way to persist data outside of a container.
7. Network: A way to connect containers together.
8. Compose: A tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications.
9. Swarm: A native clustering and orchestration solution for Docker.
10. Kubernetes: An open-source container orchestration platform.
11. Node: A physical or virtual machine that runs Docker.
12. Service: A Docker container that is part of a larger application.
13. Stack: A collection of services that make up an application.
14. Port: A network endpoint used to communicate with a container.
15. API: A set of protocols and tools for building software applications.
16. CLI: Command-line interface, a way to interact with Docker using text commands.
17. Daemon: The background process that manages Docker containers.
18. Repository: A collection of Docker images stored in a registry.
19. Tag: A label applied to a Docker image to identify it.
20. Build: The process of creating a Docker image from a Dockerfile.
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